Social Work Education Requirements and Qualifications

Social work professions can be very attractive career paths for those who are interested in helping people and working in both clinical and non-clinical settings. All states and the District of Columbia have some strict social work requirements and social worker qualifications typically include an advanced degree, licensure, certification, and registration. These requirements vary from state to state and some professions require advanced training and certification. In many cases, social workers are able to fulfill their work experience requirements while completing their social work education program.


What Are the Basic Social Worker Qualifications?

The basic social worker qualifications at the national level are:

  • Have at least a bachelor's degree in social work (BSW) or a related field, and/or a master's degree in social work (MSW)
  • Complete required work experience hours as dictated by the state
  • Obtain state licensure
  • Obtain state certification
  • Fulfill all registration requirements

You can learn more about social work requirements and career options when you enroll in a social work education program. You will need to find a school that has been accredited by the Council on Social Work Education. This organization accredits 468 bachelor's degree programs and 196 master's degree programs in the field of social work. You can also find schools that offer an Advancement of Doctoral Education in social work (DSW). A Ph.D. program is usually focused more on research.

Social Work Requirements

Accredited social work education programs typically require a minimum of 400 hours of supervised field experience which means students have a chance to work in both clinical and non-clinical settings directly with clients. Fieldwork experience is one of the most critical components of any social work training program because it allows the student to work in a real-world setting, network with other social work professionals, and also learn about the industry.

Students who only complete a bachelor's degree program are eligible to apply for entry-level positions as a caseworker, direct service positions, a mental health assistant, or a residential counselor. Today, many employers prefer social workers to have an advanced degree in the field. Education programs typically cover sources in the areas of cultural diversity, social work values and ethics, working with at-risk populations, policymaking, and the study of human behavior and social environments.

Master's program social work requirements typically require a minimum of 900 hours of supervised field instruction or an internship that provides field experience. Students enrolled in a master's program learn how to manage caseloads independently, work in a supervisory role, and develop some skills to perform clinical assessments.

Social work requirements may also vary slightly by the type of specialty of work. Most social workers fall under the following categories: child, family, and school social workers; medical and public health social workers; and mental health and substance abuse social workers.

Those interested in serving as clinical social workers will need to acquire at least 3,000 hours of supervised clinical experience. This is usually done through the social work education program and any volunteer positions held. Social workers who want to setup a private practice will need at least a master's degree and some supervised work experience.